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Alicudi is the westernmost island of the Aeolian archipelago. In ancient times it was covered by a blanket of heather and for this reason they called it Ericusa. The island is mainly cone-shaped, culminating in the 675 meter high Monte Filo dell'Arpa, corresponding to the emerged part of a volcano collapsed into the sea in ancient times. The western slope is steep and uninhabited, while the eastern side gently slopes down towards the sea, partially terraced. Six inhabited villages are scattered on this side of the village, linked by ancient mule tracks and stone stairs. Among the island's attractions are natural cold air blows at constant 7° C, called ''rifriscatura'', exploited by the inhabitants for the preservation of food.
More About Alicudi Island
Alicudi port is the main village, dominated by the church of the Carmine, set in a panoramic location. However, the 19th century church of San Bartolo is the island's most important historic monument. At mid-August it is the center of the traditional festival held in honor of the patron saint, culminating with a procession along the island's mule paths, followed by mind blowing fireworks.
There are slight proofs that the ancient inhabitants traded obsidian. Remains of a prehistoric settlement lie on the mountain's slopes, while in the early 20th century ancient Aeolian tombs made of lava stone have been found in Contrada Fucile. Evidence of the island's ancient history are also found in the area called Timpone delle Femmine, an inaccessible natural retreat probably used by local women to escape the Saracens' raids.
Alicudi has retained a pristine natural environment thanks to the establishment of the protected natural reserve, where wild rabbits and several species of birds thrive, including the Eleonora falcon, the herring gull and the Spanish sparrow. Hiking trails wind along the island's eastern side following the mule paths in a picturesque landscape, crossing terraced fields and abandoned villages.
The coasts shelter isolated beaches, natural rock arches called ''perciati'', the Grotta dell'Acqua and Grottazzo caves carved into the cliff by sea and winds, that can be easily reached by boat. On the western side the Rock of Jalera stands, as one of the best popular scuba diving destination in the area.