Did you know?
Vulcano is the third largest of the Aeolian Islands. According to the Greek myth it is home to the god of fire and it's formed of 3 volcanoes that have merged. Fossa del Vulcano or Gran Cratere is the only one active, boasting numerous fumaroles and steam jets, although its last eruption occurred in 1888. Dormant Mount Aria (500m) is the island's highest mountain and Vulcanello, emerged from the sea during an underwater eruption in 183 BC as a separate islet, is connected to the rest of the island by a narrow piece of land.
More About Vulcano Island
Famous for its beautiful black sand beaches, Vulcano is a Mediterranean top tourist destinations, but because of its volcanic activity it has been uninhabited for long periods. Thucydides reported about its eruptions in the fifth century BC and many more occurred in ancient times. In the late 18th century an obsidian outflow was ejected at Pietre Cotte, that can be seen on the island's north-western side. In the early 19th century a sulfur and alum extraction project started employing miners, however it got suspended due to a devastating eruption.
Romans already knew its geothermal springs' therapeutic properties, effective especially for rheumatism and respiratory ailments. There are fumaroles in Porto di Levante and sulfur springs with boiling waters surround the promontory of Vulcanello. Acque Calde (warm waters) is a sort of natural whirlpool and famous Pozza dei Fanghi is a natural pool fed by sulphurous vapors, brackish water and clay mud with a high sulfur content.
The climb to Gran Cratere, part of the Isola di Vulcano Natural Reserve, is a must for hikers. It can be reached through a slightly challenging trail starting from Porto di Levante and winding through the fumaroles up to the Aeolian Islands' largest plateau. Another popular attraction is the striking Valle dei Mostri with stunning rock formations in the form of wild beasts and prehistoric animals.
There are plenty of dive spots for enthusiasts to try, stretching among lava seabeds, gas emissions and sea caves. Grotta del Cavallo is one of the best spots, which can be reached by boat, filled with amazing natural light shows.